Experience the unique landscape of the Baltic coastline and help to protect local marine wildlife!
Croatia is located in Southeastern Europe, bordering Bosnia-Herzegovina, Hungary, Serbia, Montenegro and Slovenia. A country well known for having one of Europe’s most stunning coastlines (5,835 km long), it also possesses many unspoilt nature reserves, harbouring a diverse array of wildlife.
Zagreb is the nation’s capital and the country has a population of 4.3 million. Croatian is the main language spoken here and the kuna is the currency used.
- Appreciate the beauty of the stunning Dalmatian coast.
- Explore one of Croatia’s beautiful natural parks.
- Discover the old city of Dubrovnik.
Climate and Geography
Croatia’s islands (of which there are over a thousand) and coastal areas have a Mediterranean climate, while inland areas have a warm and rainy temperate continental climate.
The majority of the country consists of lowland areas, particularly in northern parts, and major rivers such as the Danube (Europe’s second largest), Sava, Drava and Kupa traverse the region. Karst topography covers about half of the country, particularly the Dinaric Alps, which contain Croatia’s highest mountain at 1,831 meters.
Culture and Religion
Croatia is famous for its old fashioned authenticity, with its ancient architecture, cultural treasures and old folk traditions. As a result of its geographical location, the country’s culture is influenced by both eastern and western cultures, as well as the Mitteleuropa and Meditteranean. Indeed, the Croatian cuisine varies from one region to another. For example, Dalmatia and Istria are heavily influenced by Italy and the Mediterranean, with various seafoods, cooked vegetables and pasta featuring prominently, as well as condiments such as olive oil and garlic.
The majority of Croatia’s population are Roman Catholics, with 91% of Croats identifying as followers of the religion.
Wildlife and Environment
Croatia can be subdivided into a number of ecoregions according to its climate and geomorphology. There are four types of biogeographical regions; Mediterranean along the coast (and its immediate hinterland), Alpine, Pannonian and Continental.
The country is also considered to be one of the richest nations in Europe in terms of biodiversity. Indeed, the Croatian National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan identified more than 7,000 animal and plant species in the Adriatic Sea, including endemic species as well as threatened taxa such as the monk seals and sea turtles. Croatia has seven marine protected areas, ie. Brijuni, Lim Canal, Kornati, Telašćica, Lastova, Bay of Mali Ston and Mijet.